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240 Landmarks of Japanese Automotive Technology
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240 Landmarks TopPassenger Cars, Part 2 > Subaru 360 K111
 Subaru 360 K111
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Built within the framework of the minicar regulations at the time, the 360 fitted 4 people with ease and offered a comfortable ride. As a result, it was a very popular vehicle, earning the nickname "ladybird". The 360 contributed greatly to the nascent development of Japan's age of motorization.
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Storage location:SUBARU GALLERY, FUJI HEAVY INDUSTRIES LTD. GUNMA MAIN PLANT (10-1, Higashihon-cho, Ohta-shi, Gunma-ken 373-8555)
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Year manufactured:1958
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Manufacturer:Fuji Heavy Industries, Ltd.
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Classification:Mass-production vehicle
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Current status:On public display: static
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Vehicle name / Manufacture
Vehicle name:Subaru 360
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Model name:Model K111
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Company name:Fuji Heavy Industries Ltd.
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Year manufactured:1958
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Vehicle type/usage:Minicar
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Location of actual vehicle/replica:Subaru Gallery (Ohta)
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Model / Weight
Style:Sedan
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Number of doors:2
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Passenger capacity:4
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Vehicle weight:385 kg
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Points of interest, topicality:It was given the nickname "ladybird", and was popular for a long time.
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Body / Size
Overall length:2990 mm
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Overall width:1300 mm
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Overall height:1380 mm
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Tire size:4.50-10-2PR
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Features:The lightweight and robust monocoque body was developed from aviation technology. The vehicle's body was designed to have an egg shape strong against external force.
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Body / Axle / Driving / Others
Front axle:Trailing arm type
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Rear axle:Swing axle type
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Wheelbase:1800 mm
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Steering:Rack and pinion type
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Features:・ 4-wheel independent suspension called the "Subaru Cushion" for ride comfort ・ Rack and pinion steering that provides good steering feeling
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Engine / Size / Power
Cooling/cylinder arrangement:Air-cooled/parallel 2-cylinder
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Carburetor:Side draft type
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Bore x stroke:61.5×60 mm
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Displacement:356 cc
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Max. power/r.p.m.:16/4500 (ps/rpm)
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Fuel tank capacity:20 L
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Fetures:Air-cooled 2-cycle engine with high performance and high durability
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Hybrid
Hybrid system type:None
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Drive-train
Transmission:3 forward speeds and 1 reverse speed
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Drive system:RR
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Performance
Mode fuel efficiency:-
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Reference materials:Tentou-mushi Ga Hashitta Hi, Grand Prix Press; Fuji Heavy Industries: Its Technology and the People Behind It; Fuji Jukogyo 30 Nenshi
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