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240 Landmarks of Japanese Automotive Technology
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240 Landmarks TopPassenger Cars, Part 2 > Bluebird P311
 Bluebird P311
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The Datsun Bluebird P310 was released in July 1959 as the culmination of improvements to the 110 model, which was originally released in the mid 1950s. The P311 was developed in the context of the motorization of Japanese society, in which the number of family cars was increasing and there was demand for better performance and lower price. The name "Bluebird" came from a fairy story of the same name by Maeterlinck. It was chosen as the name of the finished Japanese version of a small passenger car to represent the desire of the world for happiness as described in Maeterlinck's play. Its main characteristics were as follows:
1) elegant styling that combined a sense of modern beauty and stability
2) nimble steering and top-class road holding
3) smooth ride comfort with no pitching movement
4) Japan's first uni-servo brakes
5) a turning radius of 4.9 m (conventionally this was 5 m)
6) 1000 cc and 1200 cc engines with good acceleration
7) a trunk capable of holding 5 golf bags.
After its release, the rear seats were widened by 40 mm and the passenger capacity increased from 4 to 5. As a result, it was well received since small taxis could now carry more people for the same price. In addition, 1960 saw the release of the improved 1961 model, in which the output of the 1000 cc and 1200 cc engines was boosted to 45 hp and 55 hp, respectively, by the use of a twin-throat carburetor. A fully synchromeshed 3-speed transmission was also offered. The 1963 model was released in the autumn of 1962, featuring minor changes centered on the design of the rear. The Bluebird sold 210,000 units in 4 years, of which 32,000 were exported, both records for a single model.
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Storage location:NISSAN ZAMA MEMORIAL WAREHOUSE (2-5000, Hironodai, Zama-shi, Kanagawa-ken 228-0012)
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Year manufactured:1961
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Manufacturer:Nissan Motor Co., Ltd.
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Classification:Mass-production vehicle
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Current status:In storage: not open to the public
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Vehicle name / Manufacture
Vehicle name:Datsun Bluebird (1200)
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Model name:P311
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Company name:Nissan Motor Co., Ltd.
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Year manufactured:1961
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Collaboration:Donation from Mr. Suzuki
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Vehicle type/usage:Passenger car
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Location of actual vehicle/replica:Nissan Motor Co., Ltd., Zama
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Model / Weight
Style:Sedan
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Number of doors:4
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Passenger capacity:5
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Vehicle weight:890 kg
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Body / Size
Bumpers:Steel
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Step:None
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Overall length:3860 mm
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Overall width:1496 mm
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Overall height:1480 mm
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Tire size:5.60-13-4P
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Body / Axle / Driving / Others
Frame:All welded box section ladder type
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Front axle:Wishbone, balljoint type
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Rear axle:Semifloating type
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Wheelbase:2280 mm
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Front tread x rear tread:1209×1194 mm
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Vehicle height adjustment:None
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Steering:Cam and lever type
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Dampers:Hydraulic single-acting cylinder
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Stabilizer:Provided
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Driving stability devices:None
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Engine / Size / Power
Engine name:E1 type
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Cooling/cylinder arrangement:Water-cooled/inline 4-cylinder
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Valve train:OHV
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Carburetor:Hitachi VAA28 type
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Bore x stroke:73×71 mm
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Displacement:1189 cc
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Ignition system:Battery ignition coil type
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Max. power/r.p.m.:55 ps/4800 rpm
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Max. torque/r.p.m.:8.8 kgm/3600 rpm
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Supercharger:None
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Variable ignition system:None
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Fuel tank capacity:31 L
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Hybrid
Hybrid system type:None
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Drive-train
Transmission:3-speed (full synchronization)
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Drive system:FR
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Performance
Mode fuel efficiency:-
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Reference materials:1) "Nissan Jidosha 30 Nenshi", Nissan Motor Co., Ltd., 1965; "Fifty Years of Datsun" (Separate volume of CG), Nigensha, 1983; 3) "Datsun Hensen-shi", Motor Age, 35
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