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240 Landmarks of Japanese Automotive Technology
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240 Landmarks TopPassenger Cars, Part 1 > Arrow
 Arrow
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When Koichi Yano, then a 4th year student at Fukuoka Industrial College, was asked by the industrialist Yoshitaro Murakami to repair his French-built De Dion-Bouton automobile, it set him down the road of researching and designing his own vehicle. Yano took the rear-engine rear-wheel drive De Dion-Bouton and converted into a front-engine rear-wheel drive car, before drawing up blueprints based on a small British-made car (possibly an Austin Baby). Borrowing manufacturing facilities from Murakami's operations, Yano succeeded in building his own car in 1916 using De Dion-Bouton parts. The car featured a two-cylinder water-cooled engine, built under the instruction of Professor Iwaoka at Kyushu University, with manufacturing support from the university's machine shop. It also had a carburetor manufactured by Zenith in France, a Bosch Magneto ignition device as the spark plug, and wheels and tires originally designed for use with motorbikes. The car was used for approximately 2 years by the people who had backed its construction, and it even obtained a government license. Currently stored by Yano Special Vehicle Co., Ltd., test drives of the Arrow have been aired by Japan’s national broadcaster, NHK.
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Storage location:YANO SPECIAL VEHICLE CO., LTD. (1540-3, Kaminofu, Shingu-machi, Kasuya-gun, Fukuoka-ken 811-0117)
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Year manufactured:1916
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Manufacturer:Koichi Yano
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Classification:Prototype/designs/literature
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Current status:In storage: not open to the public
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Vehicle name / Manufacture
Vehicle name:Arrow
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Company name:Yano Special Vehicle Co., Ltd.
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Year manufactured:1916
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Designed by:Koichi Yano
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Collaboration:Yoshitaro Murakami
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Vehicle type/usage:Small car
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Location of actual vehicle/replica:Yano Special Vehicle Co., Ltd.
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Model / Weight
Style:Phaeton
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Number of doors:2
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Passenger capacity:4
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Vehicle weight:320 kg
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Body / Size
Structure:Steel and aluminum sheets
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Bumpers:None
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Step:Provided
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Overall length:2590 mm
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Overall width:1170 mm
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Overall height:1525 mm
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Tire size:3.00-25 in 700-80 (Goodrich)
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Features:Handmade aluminum sheet body
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Body / Axle / Driving / Others
Frame:Steel sheets, ladder type
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Front axle:Rigid, lateral 1/2 leaf
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Rear axle:Rigid, lateral 1/2 leaf
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Wheelbase:1830 mm
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Front tread x rear tread:Both 1000 mm
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Vehicle height adjustment:None
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Steering:Round steering wheel
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Dampers:None
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Stabilizer:None
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Driving stability devices:None
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Features:Emulates the Ford Model T
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Engine / Size / Power
Cooling/cylinder arrangement:Water-cooled/inline 2-cylinder
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Valve train:SV
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Carburetor:Zenith
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Bore x stroke:98.9×88.9 mm
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Displacement:1054 cc
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Ignition system:Bosch magneto
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Max. power/r.p.m.:10/12 hp/1800 rpm
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Exhaust emissions treatment:Noise reduction muffler only
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Supercharger:None
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Variable ignition system:Manual ignition timing
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Fetures:Imported carburetors, spark plugs, tires
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Hybrid
Hybrid system type:None
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Drive-train
Transmission:MT3
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Drive system:FR
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Performance
Mode fuel efficiency:-
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Reference materials:Nigensha: Car Graphic, Jul. 1972; Journal of Society of Automotive Engineers of Japan, Vol. 21, No. 11, 1967
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