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240 Landmarks of Japanese Automotive Technology
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240 Landmarks TopPassenger Cars, Part 2 > Mazda Carol 360
 Mazda Carol 360
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At the beginning of the 1960s, the Carol featured many new ideas for a minicar. These included: 1) so-called "cliff-cut" styling where a portion of the rear window is cut inwards; 2) 4-doors, which was unusual for a small car of this type; and 3) advanced technology such as the first Japanese application of torsion bars for both the front and rear suspension springs, an aluminum alloy engine, alfin brakes, and so on.
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Storage location:MAZDA MOTOR CORPORATION (3-1, Shinchi, Fuchu-cho, Aki-gun, Hiroshima 730-86
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Year manufactured:1962
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Manufacturer:Toyo Kogyo Company
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Classification:Mass-production vehicle
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Current status:On public display: static
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Vehicle name / Manufacture
Vehicle name:Carol 360
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Model name:(Model KPDA)
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Company name:Mazda Motor Corporation
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Year manufactured:1962
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Vehicle type/usage:Minicar
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Location of actual vehicle/replica:Mazda Motor Corporation
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Model / Weight
Style:Sedan
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Number of doors:2
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Passenger capacity:4
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Vehicle weight:525 kg
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Points of interest, topicality:Innovative "cliff-cut" styling
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Body / Size
Structure:Unit body
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Overall length:2980 mm
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Overall width:1295 mm
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Overall height:1340 mm
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Tire size:5.20-10-4PLT
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Body / Axle / Driving / Others
Frame:(Frameless)
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Front axle:Torsion rubber suspension
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Rear axle:Torsion rubber suspension
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Wheelbase:1930 mm
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Front tread x rear tread:1050×1100 mm
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Steering:Rack and pinion
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Dampers:Front/rear shock absorber
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Features:Frameless unitary construction
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Engine / Size / Power
Cooling/cylinder arrangement:Water-cooled/inline 4-cylinder
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Valve train:OHV
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Bore x stroke:46×54 mm
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Displacement:358 cc
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Max. power/r.p.m.:18 ps/6800 rpm
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Fuel tank capacity:20 L
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Fetures:The first all aluminum engine installed in a minicar
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Hybrid
Hybrid system type:None
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Drive-train
Transmission:4MT
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Drive system:RR
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Performance
Mode fuel efficiency:-
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Reference materials:1) Corporate History of Toyo Kogyo: The First 50 Years
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