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240 Landmarks of Japanese Automotive Technology
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240 Landmarks TopPassenger Cars, Part 1 > Mitsubishi Model A
 Mitsubishi Model A
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Prompted by a request of the Japanese army, Mitsubishi Shipbuilding Co., Ltd. entered the vehicle manufacturing business in 1917 with the Model A. As Italy was regarded as the most advanced automobile-manufacturing nation of the time, the Model A was based on the Fiat A3-3 and built at the company's Kobe shipyard by Taizo Soda (future vice-president of Shin Mitsubishi Heavy Industries) and others. In 1919, the Model A became Japan's first mass produced passenger vehicle. Although 22 had been built by 1921 (including the prototypes), Mitsubishi stopped production to re-focus on shipbuilding. The vehicle displayed at the Mitsubishi Auto Galley in Okazaki is a reproduction created in 1972 based on historical research into contemporary sources by the automobile journalist Eizo Ikeda with the help of designs and the like drawn up by Heitatsu Igarashi.
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Storage location:MITSUBISHI MOTORS CAR RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT CENTER (1, Nishishinkiri, Hashime-cho, Okazaki-shi, Aichi-ken 444-8501)
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Year manufactured:1917
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Manufacturer:Mitsubishi Shipbuilding Co., Ltd., Kobe shipyard
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Classification:Replica
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Current status:On public display: static
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Vehicle name / Manufacture
Vehicle name:Mitsubishi Model A
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Model name:Fiat A3-3
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Company name:Mitsubishi Zosen
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Year manufactured:1917
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Vehicle type/usage:Passenger car
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Location of actual vehicle/replica:Mitsubishi Motors, Okazaki
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Model / Weight
Style:Sedan
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Number of doors:4
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Passenger capacity:7
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Vehicle weight:1,315 kg
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Body / Size
Structure:Wood frame and steel sheets
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Bumpers:None
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Step:None
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Overall length:3830 mm
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Overall width:1620 mm
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Overall height:2070 mm
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Tire size:760×90
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Features:The Fiat A3-3 was sketched before manufacture.
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Body / Axle / Driving / Others
Frame:Steel sheets, ladder type
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Front axle:Rigid semi-elliptical leaf
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Rear axle:Rigid, semi-elliptical leaf
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Wheelbase:2727 (2640)
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Front tread x rear tread:1422 mm
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Vehicle height adjustment:None
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Steering:Round steering wheel
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Dampers:None
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Stabilizer:None
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Driving stability devices:None
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Engine / Size / Power
Cooling/cylinder arrangement:Water-cooled/inline 4-cylinder
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Valve train:SV (OHV)
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Bore x stroke:79.4×139.7 mm
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Displacement:2765 (977) cc
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Ignition system:magneto type
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Max. power/r.p.m.:35 hp (55 ps)
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Hybrid
Hybrid system type:None
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Drive-train
Transmission:4-speed
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Drive system:FR
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Performance
Mode fuel efficiency:-
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Reference materials:Company history of Mitsubishi Motors Corporation
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