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240 Landmarks of Japanese Automotive Technology
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240 Landmarks TopPassenger Cars, Part 3 > Subaru 1000 A12
 Subaru 1000 A12
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The Subaru 1000 was a mainstream small passenger vehicle that played a vital role in establishing the viability of front-engine, front-wheel drive cars. This was mainly due to its horizontally opposed 4-cylinder engine that enabled the design of a spacious interior, and successful application of a constant velocity joint, a crucial part for front-wheel drive vehicles.
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Storage location:SUBARU GALLERY, FUJI HEAVY INDUSTRIES LTD. GUNMA MAIN PLANT (10-1, Higashihon-cho, Ohta-shi, Gunma-ken 373-8555)
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Year manufactured:1966
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Manufacturer:Fuji Heavy Industries, Ltd.
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Classification:Mass-production vehicle
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Current status:On public display: static
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Vehicle name / Manufacture
Vehicle name:Subaru 1000
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Model name:A12
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Company name:Fuji Heavy Industries Ltd.
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Year manufactured:1966
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Vehicle type/usage:Small passenger car
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Location of actual vehicle/replica:Subaru Gallery (Ohta)
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Model / Weight
Style:Sedan
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Number of doors:4
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Passenger capacity:5
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Vehicle weight:685 kg
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Points of interest, topicality:The first full-scale front engine, front wheel drive small passenger car in Japan
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Body / Size
Overall length:3930 mm
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Overall width:1480 mm
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Overall height:1390 mm
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Tire size:5.50-13-4PR
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Features:・Lightweight vehicle body with a monocoque construction ・Large clean luggage compartment
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Body / Axle / Driving / Others
Front axle:Wishbone type
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Rear axle:Trailing arm type
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Wheelbase:2400 mm
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Features:・4-wheel independent suspension that provides excellent ride comfort and safe driving ・Constant velocity universal joint that smoothly transmits drive force and prevents vibration
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Engine / Size / Power
Cooling/cylinder arrangement:Water-cooled/horizontally opposed 4-cylinder
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Bore x stroke:72×60 mm
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Displacement:977 cc
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Max. power/r.p.m.:55/6000 (ps/rpm)
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Fetures:Compact and powerful horizontally opposed aluminum alloy engine
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Hybrid
Hybrid system type:None
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Drive-train
Transmission:4 forward speeds, 1 reverse speed
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Drive system:FF
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Performance
Mode fuel efficiency:-
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Reference materials:・"Fuji Heavy Industries: Its Technology and the People Behind It";
・ Fuji Jukogyo 30 Nenshi
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