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240 Landmarks of Japanese Automotive Technology
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240 Landmarks TopPassenger Cars, Part 3 > Toyota Century VG20D
 Toyota Century VG20D
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The VG20 model Century was released in 1967 as a full upgrade of the VG10 model with a completely new design. A large top-of-the-range car that combined luxury with high-performance, it was named Century to commemorate the centenary of the birth of Sakichi Toyoda, the father of Toyota's founder, Kiichiro.
The VG20D was equipped with a V8 engine with an aluminum block and heads, as well as styling and a full range of stability, safety, and comfort features appropriate for a prestige car. Its equipment included a 3-speed automatic transmission, air conditioner, stereo radio, electro luminescent illumination technology, and air purifier. It had a longitudinal subframe to reduce weight and vibration.
The front independent suspension was designed so that a constant level of comfort could be maintained at all times. It featured the first application of rolling diaphragm pneumatic springs in a Japanese passenger vehicle, in combination with trailing arms and oleopneumatic cylinders. The rear suspension combined trailing arms with coil springs. It was characterized by left and right strut bars inserted between the lower arms and differential cage instead of lateral rods, meaning that the lower arms also performed the role of suppressing lateral movement.
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Storage location:TOYOTA AUTOMOBILE MUSEUM (41-100, Yokomichi, Nagakute, Nagakute-cho, Aichi-gun, Aichi-ken 480-1131)
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Year manufactured:1967
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Manufacturer:Toyota Motor Corporation
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Classification:Mass-production vehicle
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Current status:On public display: static
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Vehicle name / Manufacture
Vehicle name:Toyota Century
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Model name:Model VG20D
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Company name:Toyota Motor Co., Ltd.
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Year manufactured:1967
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Vehicle type/usage:Standard-sized passenger car
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Model / Weight
Style:Sedan
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Number of doors:4
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Passenger capacity:6
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Vehicle weight:1800 kg
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Body / Size
Structure:Unit body construction
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Bumpers:Provided (steel)
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Step:None
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Overall length:4980 mm
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Overall width:1890 mm
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Overall height:1450 mm
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Tire size:7.85-14 6PR
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Body / Axle / Driving / Others
Frame:Front/rear subframe type
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Front axle:Trailing arm
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Rear axle:Semifloating trailing arm
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Wheelbase:2860 mm
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Front tread x rear tread:1520×1540 mm
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Vehicle height adjustment:None
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Steering:Power steering
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Dampers:Hydraulic double-acting cylinder
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Stabilizer:(Front) torsion bar
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Driving stability devices:None
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Features:Light controlling system Air conditioner (built-in type) Air purifier Auto door lock (at 30 km/h) Rear window defogger Independent suspension using rolling diaphragm pneumatic springs. The first combined application of trailing arms and oleopneumatic cylinders in Japan.
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Engine / Size / Power
Cooling/cylinder arrangement:Water-cooled V8-cylinder (3V type)/
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Valve train:OHV (2 rocker shafts)
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Carburetor:4-barrel
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Bore x stroke:78.0×78.0 mm
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Displacement:2981 cc
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Ignition system:Semi-transistor type
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Max. power/r.p.m.:150 ps/5200 rpm
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Max. torque/r.p.m.:24 kgm/3600 rpm
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Supercharger:None
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Fuel tank capacity:90 L
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Fetures:Transistor type electromagnetic fuel pump, PCV
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Hybrid
Hybrid system type:None
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Drive-train
Transmission:3-element 1-speed 2-axis type torque converter
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Performance
Mode fuel efficiency:-
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