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240 Landmarks of Japanese Automotive Technology
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240 Landmarks TopPassenger Cars, Part 4 > Daihatsu Charade
 Daihatsu Charade
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As vehicles continued to increase in size and displacement, the Charade was an attempt to reconsider the car from the standpoint of its essential functions. As a consequence, the Charade was designed to be smaller, more fuel and resource-efficient, and comfortable. In particular, the 3-cylinder, 1000 cc engine featured many new technologies, including a balancer and pots that generated disturbance in the combustion chambers. The Charade attracted attention because of the quietness of the engine, which was mainly due to the balancer mechanism that reduced the characteristic vibration inherent in 3-cylinder engines. This mechanism functioned by setting the crankshaft balance weight to a predetermined value and intentionally generating a couple force on the crankshaft. This couple force was then cancelled out by a dedicated balance shaft. In addition, the Charade had a frontal projected area of only approximately 5 square meters, which earned it a nickname in Japan translatable as "the 5-square meter car". That, and its excellent maneuverability due to its small turning circle made the Charade a firm favorite with a large number of customers.
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Storage location:DAIHATSU MOTOR CO., LTD. (1-1, Daihatsu-cho, Ikeda-shi, Osaka 563-8651)
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Year manufactured:1977
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Manufacturer:Daihatsu Motor Co., Ltd.
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Classification:Mass-production vehicle
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Current status:On public display: static
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Vehicle name / Manufacture
Vehicle name:Daihatsu Charade
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Model name:XTE
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Company name:Daihatsu Motor Co., Ltd.
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Year manufactured:1977
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Designed by:Daihatsu Motor Co., Ltd.
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Vehicle type/usage:Passenger car
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Location of actual vehicle/replica:PR Div., Daihatsu Motor Co., Ltd.
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Model / Weight
Style:Small 4-wheel passenger car
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Number of doors:5
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Passenger capacity:5
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Vehicle weight:660
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Body / Size
Structure:Hatchback type sedan
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Bumpers:Provided
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Step:None
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Overall length:3460 mm
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Overall width:1540 mm
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Overall height:1360 mm
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Tire size:155 SR12
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Body / Axle / Driving / Others
Front axle:Strut type
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Rear axle:Axle beam type
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Wheelbase:2300 mm
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Front tread x rear tread:1300×1280 mm
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Steering:Rack and pinion type
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Dampers:Provided
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Stabilizer:Provided
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Engine / Size / Power
Cooling/cylinder arrangement:Water-cooled/inline 3-cylinder
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Valve train:Overhead camshaft belt drive
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Bore x stroke:76×73 mm
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Displacement:993 cc
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Ignition system:Ignition battery
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Max. power/r.p.m.:55/5500
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Exhaust emissions treatment:Catalytic lean burn, etc.
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Fuel tank capacity:34 L
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Hybrid
Hybrid system type:None
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Drive-train
Transmission:Constant-mesh gear type
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Drive system:FF
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Performance
Mode fuel efficiency:-
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Reference materials:Charade Shingatasha Kaisetsusho, Daihatsu Jidosha Hanbai Kabushiki Gaisha, Oct. 4, 1977
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