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240 Landmarks of Japanese Automotive Technology
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240 Landmarks TopPassenger Cars, Part 1 > Datsun Model 11 Phaeton
 Datsun Model 11 Phaeton
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This is the oldest Datsun still in existence. The Model 10 (495 cc, 10 ps/3700 rpm) was the original Datsun. It hit the market in 1931 and approximately 10 were produced in its first year on sale. The Model 10 became the Model 11 in 1932, and approximately 150 were produced. In 1933, Japanese automotive laws changed, and the displacement of the vehicle was increased to 750 cc. The range of available body options was also widened to include a 4-passenger sedan, coupe, phaeton, roadster, light van and truck. In 1935, output at the Osaka plant was complemented by a new plant in Yokohama, which practiced integrated production from the chassis to the body. As a result, annual production reached 3800, which was quite a feat of mass-production for the time.
The Datsun gained popularity for the following reasons.
1) It was produced domestically
2) Its reasonable price (1350 yen)
3) Its suitability to Japanese road conditions
4) Its low fuel costs
5) The fact that it could be driven without a license (At that time, a driver's license was not required for cars with a cylinder displacement of 750 cc or less.)
The demand for the Datsun rapidly increased for use as a private car or taxi, and the name of Datsun became widely known as a synonym for a small car. They were also exported worldwide to countries such as America, Spain, Portugal, India, and Brazil. (Export record at the time: 44 units in 1934, 53 units in 1935, 87 units in 1936)
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Storage location:NISSAN ZAMA MEMORIAL WAREHOUSE (2-5000, Hironodai, Zama-shi, Kanagawa-ken 228-0012)
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Year manufactured:1932
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Manufacturer:Nissan Motor Co., Ltd.
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Classification:Mass-production vehicle
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Current status:In storage: not open to the public
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Vehicle name / Manufacture
Vehicle name:Datsun
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Model name:Model 11 Phaeton
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Company name:Nissan Motor Co., Ltd.
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Year manufactured:1932
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Vehicle type/usage:Passenger car
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Location of actual vehicle/replica:Nissan Motor Co., Ltd., Zama
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Model / Weight
Style:Sedan
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Number of doors:2
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Passenger capacity:4
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Vehicle weight:400 kg
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Points of interest, topicality:The oldest Datsun still in existence
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Body / Size
Bumpers:None
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Step:Provided
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Overall length:2710 mm
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Overall width:1175 mm
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Tire size:24"-4"
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Features:The body was built by Yanase Motor and Nihon Jidosha Corporation.
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Body / Axle / Driving / Others
Wheelbase:1880 mm
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Front tread x rear tread:965 mm×965 mm
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Features:The chassis were manufactured at the Osaka Plant of the Automotive Div. of, Tobata Casting, the forerunner of Nissan.
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Engine / Size / Power
Cooling/cylinder arrangement:Water-cooled/inline 4-cylinder
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Valve train:SV
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Bore x stroke:56 ×76 mm
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Displacement:747 cc
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Max. power/r.p.m.:12 ps/3000 rpm
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Supercharger:None
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Variable ignition system:None
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Hybrid
Hybrid system type:None
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Drive-train
Transmission:3-speed, D/S
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Performance
Mode fuel efficiency:-
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Reference materials:1) "Nissan Jidosha 30 Nenshi", Nissan Motor Co., Ltd., 1965;
2) "Fifty Years of Datsun" (Separate volume of CG), Nigensha, 1983
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